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Bionics Definition Example Essays

1. Benyus JM. Biomimicry. HarperCollins e-books; 2009.

2. Shimomura M. The new trends in next generation biomimetics material technology: learning from biodiversity. Sci Technol Trends Q Rev. 2010;37:53–75.

3. Hargroves K, Smith M. Innovation inspired by nature: biomimicry. ECOS. 2006;2006(129):27–29.

4. Vincent JF, Bogatyreva OA, Bogatyrev NR, Bowyer A, Pahl A-K. Biomimetics: its practice and theory. J R Soc Interface. 2006;3(9):471–482.[PMC free article][PubMed]

5. Pemsel H. A History of War at Sea: An Atlas and Chronology of Conflict at Sea from Earliest Times to the Present. Naval Institute Press; 1977.

6. Freedman R. The Wright Brothers: How They Invented the Airplane. New York: Holiday House; 1991.

7. Jakab PL. Visions of a Flying Machine: The Wright Brothers and the Process of Invention. Smithsonian Institution Press; 1990.

8. Schmitt OH. Some interesting and useful biomimetic transforms; Paper presented at: Proceeding, Third International Biophysics Congress; Boston, MA. 1969.

9. Rinaldi A. Naturally better. Science and technology are looking to nature’s successful designs for inspiration. EMBO Rep. 2007;8(11):995.[PMC free article][PubMed]

10. Pianka ER, Sweet SS. Integrative biology of sticky feet in geckos. Bioessays. 2005;27(6):647–652.[PubMed]

11. Goel AK, McAdams DA, Stone RB, editors. The AskNature Database: Enabling Solutions in Biomimetic Design Biologically Inspired Design. Vol. 2013. Springer; p. 20.

12. Lee DW, Graham R. Leaf optical properties of rainforest sun and extreme shade plants. American Journal of Botany. 1986;73:1100–1108.

13. Gabriel CT, Haskell J, Sethi S. Sacrificial multilayer anti-reflective coating for mos gate formation. Google Patents. 2001

14. Velcro S. Improvements in or relating to a method and a device for producing a velvet type fabric. 721338 Swiss patent. 1955

15. Stephens T. How a Swiss Invention Hooked the World. swissinfo: 2007. Available from: ch.

16. McSweeney TJ, Raha S, Staff C. Better to Light One Candle: The Christophers’ Three Minutes a Day Millennial Edition. Continuum International Publishing Group, Limited; 1999.

17. Spiering JR. Roll-up Velcro tool carrier. Google Patents. 1987

18. Roberts RM. Serendipity: Accidental Discoveries in Science. Vol. 1989. Wiley-VCH; p. 288.

19. Ogilvie MA. Wild Geese. 2010 A&C Black.

20. Alerstam T, Gudmundsson G, Jönsson P, Karlsson J, Lindström Å. Orientation, migration routes and flight behaviour of knots, turnstones and Brant Geese departing from Iceland in spring. Arctic. 1990;43:201–214.

21. Michelson RC, Naqvi MA. (von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics RTO/AVT Lecture Series on Low Reynolds Number Aerodynamics on Aircraft Including Applications in Emerging UAV Technology).Beyond biologically $ inspired insect flight. 2003:1–19.

22. Irwin DA, Pavcnik N. Airbus versus Boeing revisited: international competition in the aircraft market. J Int Econ. 2004;64(2):223–245.

23. Wei H. Bionic design in car design. Mech Manag Dev. 2012;1:056.

24. Miller J. Biomimicry in engineering education. Proceedings of the Canadian Engineering Education Association. 2010

25. O’Rourke JM, Seepersad CC. Examining Efficiency in Bioinspired Design. ASME; 2013. (Paper No DETC2013-13147).

26. Neurohr R, Dragomirescu C. Bionics in engineering-defining new goals in engineering education at “politehnica” university of bucharest; Paper presented at: International Conference on Engineering Education-ICEE; 2007.

27. Zari MP. Biomimetic Approaches to Architectural Design for Increased Sustainability. Auckland, New Zealand: 2007.

28. Bannasch R. Technology Guide. Springer; 2009. Bionics; pp. 178–183.

29. Wai R-J, Lee J-D, Chuang K-L. Real-time PID control strategy for maglev transportation system via particle swarm optimization. IEEE Trans Industr Electron. 2011;58(2):629–646.

30. Hood CP. Shinkansen: From Bullet Train to Symbol of Modern Japan. Routledge; 2006.

31. Sullivan T, Regan F. The characterization, replication and testing of dermal denticles of Scyliorhinus canicula for physical mechanisms of biofouling prevention. Bioinspir Biomim. 2011;6(4):046001.[PubMed]

32. Noirot C, Darlington JP. Termite Nests: Architecture, Regulation and Defence Termites: Evolution, Sociality, Symbioses, Ecology. Springer; 2000. pp. 121–139.

33. Bonabeau E, Theraulaz G, Deneubourg J, et al. A model for the emergence of pillars, walls and royal chambers in termite nests. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 1998;353(1375):1561–1576.

34. Emerson AE. Termite nests – a study of the phylogeny of behavior. Ecol Monogr. 1938;8:247–284.

35. Turner JS, Soar RC. Beyond biomimicry: what termites can tell us about realizing the living building; Paper presented at: Proc. 1st Int. Conf. Industrialized, Intelligent Construction; 2008.

36. French JR, Ahmed BM. The challenge of biomimetic design for carbon-neutral buildings using termite engineering. Insect Sci. 2010;17(2):154–162.

37. Gunnell K, Du Plessis C, Gibberd J. Green Building in South Africa: Emerging Trends. Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (DEAT); 2009.

38. Arnold W. Singapore Offers an Architectural Symbol for the Arts. Vol. 2002. The New York Times; p. 3.

39. Lee BP, Messersmith PB, Israelachvili JN, Waite JH. Mussel-inspired adhesives and coatings. Annu Rev Mater Res. 2011;41:99.[PMC free article][PubMed]

40. Deming TJ. Mussel byssus and biomolecular materials. Curr Opin Chem Biol. 1999;3(1):100–105.[PubMed]

41. Wilke P, Helfricht N, Mark A, Papastavrou G, Faivre D, Börner HG. A direct biocombinatorial strategy toward next generation, mussel-glue inspired saltwater adhesives. J Am Chem Soc. 2014;136(36):12667–12674.[PubMed]

42. Hong S, You I, Song IT, Lee H. Material-independent surface modification inspired by mussel-adhesion. Polym Sci Technol. 2012;23(4):396–406.

43. HoonáKim B, YoungáKim J, OukáKim S. Directed self-assembly of block copolymers for universal nanopatterning. Soft Matter. 2013;9(10):2780–2786.

44. Jonkers HM. Self Healing Concrete: A Biological Approach Self Healing Materials. Springer; 2007. pp. 195–204.

45. Wiktor V, Jonkers HM. Quantification of crack-healing in novel bacteria-based self-healing concrete. Cement Concr Compos. 2011;33(7):763–770.

46. Sobolev K, Gutiérrez MF. How nanotechnology can change the concrete world. Am Ceram Soc Bull. 2005;84(10):14.

47. Hager MD, Greil P, Leyens C, van der Zwaag S, Schubert US. Self-healing materials. Adv Mater Deerfield. 2010;22(47):5424–5430.[PubMed]

48. Seref-Ferlengez Z, Basta-Pljakic J, Kennedy OD, Philemon CJ, Schaffler MB. Structural and mechanical repair of diffuse damage in cortical bone in vivo. J Bone Miner Res. 2014;29(12):2537–2544.[PMC free article][PubMed]

49. Witte H, Hoffmann H, Hackert R, Schilling C, Fischer MS, Preuschoft H. Biomimetic robotics should be based on functional morphology. J Anat. 2004;204(5):331–342.[PMC free article][PubMed]

50. Boxerbaum AS, Shaw KM, Chiel HJ, Quinn RD. Continuous wave peristaltic motion in a robot. Int J Robot Res. 2012;31(3):302–318.

51. Altendorfer R, Moore N, Komsuoglu H, et al. RHex: a biologically inspired hexapod runner. Auton Robots. 2001;11(3):207–213.

52. Wright C, Johnson A, Peck A, et al. Design of a modular snake robot; Paper presented at: IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, 2007; IROS; 2007.

53. Absalom A, Absalom G, Hartmann D. A collaborative classification-based search engine for prior art and solution search: Durham Zoo; Paper presented at: IEEE Sixth International Conference on Semantic Computing (ICSC); 2012.

54. Shimomura M. Engineering Biomimetics: Integration of Biology and Nanotechnology, Design for Innovative Value Towards a Sustainable Society. 2012:905–907.

55. Mann S. Life as a nanoscale phenomenon. Angew Chem Int Ed. 2008;47(29):5306–5320.[PubMed]

56. Li M, Huang X, Tang TD, Mann S. Synthetic cellularity based on non-lipid micro-compartments and protocell models. Curr Opin Chem Biol. 2014;22:1–11.[PubMed]

57. Mahan GD. Amorphous Solid. School & Library Products; 2014.

58. Gong Y-K, Winnik FM. Strategies in biomimetic surface engineering of nanoparticles for biomedical applications. Nanoscale. 2012;4(2):360–368.[PubMed]

59. Müller WE, Wang X, Kropf K, et al. Bioorganic/inorganic hybrid composition of sponge spicules: matrix of the giant spicules and of the comitalia of the deep sea hexactinellid. J Struct Biol. 2008;161(2):188–203.[PubMed]

60. Bao M, Lou X, Zhou Q, Dong W, Yuan H, Zhang Y. Electrospun biomimetic fibrous scaffold from shape memory polymer of PDLLA-co-TMC for bone tissue engineering. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2014;6(4):2611–2621.[PubMed]

61. Kim Y-C, Park J-H, Prausnitz MR. Microneedles for drug and vaccine delivery. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2012;64(14):1547–1568.[PMC free article][PubMed]

62. Izumi H, Suzuki M, Aoyagi S, Kanzaki T. Realistic imitation of mosquito’s proboscis: electrochemically etched sharp and jagged needles and their cooperative inserting motion. Sens Actuators A Phys. 2011;165(1):115–123.

63. Choi J, Hwang MP, Lee J-W, Lee KH. A glimpse into the interactions of cells in a microenvironment: the modulation of T cells by mesenchymal stem cells. Int J Nanomedicine. 2014;9(suppl 1):127.[PMC free article][PubMed]

Boats, Hospitals Don Sharkskin

For a beast that moves slowly through the ocean, sharks stay remarkably clear of algae and other fellow travelers. That’s largely a function of their unique skin, covered with microscopic patterns called dentricles, which help reduce drag and keep microorganisms from hitching free rides. NASA scientists copied the patterns to create drag-reducing patterns they call riblets. They worked with 3M to adapt the riblets to a thin film used to coat the hull of the sailboat Stars & Stripes, which won an Olympic medal and the America's Cup before the riblets were banned in 1987. The America's Cup race has since reinstated them. Other applications can help planes, boats and windmills reduce drag and conserve energy. Sharklet Technologies, based in Aurora, Colorado, makes surface materials for hospitals, restaurant kitchens, public bathrooms and elsewhere that repel bacteria. Dentricle-like nano-scale structures on the surface prevent the bugs from taking root.

Photographers: Edward Kinsman/Photo Researchers; Nick Wilson/Getty Images